Choosing the Right Technology Stack for Web and Mobile App Development

how-to-choose-the-right-technology-stack-for-web-mobile-app-development

Kirtan Thaker This post was written by Kirtan Thaker

You may have a solid marketing and design strategy for your product. However, it can only succeed if you implement the right technologies during development stage. Choosing the right technology stack is the backbone of a product, containing various layers of different technologies one upon the other. Some of the most popular mobile and web applications were built using the best technologies.
The article will help you know the importance of technology stack, the different layers of technology that get integrated into the web and mobile application, and the process of choosing the best technology stack for your product.

What is Technology Stack?

The combination of various frameworks, tools, libraries, and programming languages to create a unique application is called a technology stack. Implementing the right technology stack can deeply impact the scalability, security, performance, and maintenance of your product. Hence, the entire ecosystem of a web app, website, or mobile app is made up of a solid technology stack. Mainly it consists of two parts namely – back-end and front-end. Breaking them further looks like as below:

Back-end to Server

Front-end to User’s Browser

So let us first understand these components of the technology stack.

Components of Technology Stack

Components of Technology Stack

Front-end Tech Stack (Client-Side)

The client faces the front end of any mobile and web app. Hence, developers need to put more effort into creating unique and exclusive designs that are beyond normal. The front end has various elements to enhance the visual representation on the web browser or a mobile device. There are three programming languages in the front end namely CSS, JavaScript, and HTML.
To be more precise and clear, for developing front-end frameworks for web apps and websites, templates, and components of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript are used.

Back-end Tech Stack (server-side)

Back-end as the name refers to is the backbone of any website or a mobile app. There are various elements involved in choosing a back-end technology stack. Let us know what they are:

Server-side programming languages

The primary base while creating any web or mobile app is writing codes. Since there are native as well as cross-platform app development options, we have a variety of options in choosing server-side programming languages like PHP, Python, Node.JS, JavaScript, Ruby, Kotlin, Objective-C, Dart, etc.

Server-side frameworks

Frameworks are the most crucial elements that help in assembling various components on which the entire web or mobile app is built. The chronology goes by first choosing the suitable programming language based on which developers finalize the appropriate framework for development. For common server-side, there are various web application frameworks:

Web Server

Web servers are used for processing, storing, and distributing dynamic as well as static content and pages to users by way of apps and websites. Some of the most common back-end web servers are Apache, IIS, and Nginx.

Databases

Databases are the code repositories that you build while developing web or mobile apps. Their major role is to collect, store, process, and manage collected data. Some of the most popular databases are PostgreSQL, Realm, Firebase, MongoDB and MySQL.

Operating System

The operating system is a tech stack known as a software interface that helps servers, various software elements, and frameworks access computer resources. Some of the most popular operating systems are Windows, iOS, Mac OS, Android, and Linux.

Difference Between Mobile and Web Apps Tech Stacks

User Interaction

For web apps, users directly interact with the product through a browser. Hence, the app can become a multi-channel app, simultaneously interacting at different target platforms. Web apps can be highly responsive as well as non-responsive.
For a mobile app, users need to download an application. Due to this process, mobile apps need a solid tech stack that includes programming languages, frameworks, and other technologies.

Multi-platform Functionality

Web apps can be viewed on any browser, only if they have cross-platform compatibility. On the other hand, mobile apps are built with a specific purpose, for which developers can either choose to build a native app or a cross-platform app. Both kinds of mobile apps help in improving business performance by integrating various native device features. The recent trend is to build cross-platform applications as consumers browse apps from various channels like tablets, smartphones, laptops, or smart TVs.

API Integration

API is an application programming interface used to access other applications or platforms. They are the means to communicate with other applications for leveraging different use cases. For example, different mobile and web apps leverage to show their social identities by using icons of FB, Apple, Instagram, etc. This is possible through API integration.

Smartphone Services

Consumers want their mobile apps to facilitate some basic functionalities like geolocation, push notifications, authentication, token management, offline synchronization, etc. To get these basic services, developers build backend systems to empower web and mobile apps. The most commonly used system is RESTful API, helping companies maintain multiple apps and web apps that get access to the same kind of database.

Choosing the Right Technology Stack For Web App

For a successful web application development, you must choose a robust combination of technologies that work seamlessly. These combinations must be tested and must provide practical guidance to companies who seek guidance for choosing the right tech stack for building their web app. Some of the most common and standard tech stacks that are used and implemented for building a web app are:

LAMP tech stack

This is the most popular and oldest tech stack that is suited for building high-performing web apps. It contains four open-source components:
The LAMP model has been one of the most reliable tech stacks adapted for building open-source web apps like WordPress.

MEAN tech stack

MEAN stack supports comprehensive websites and web apps. They need more advanced and complex technologies like as below:
MEAN stack mainly uses JavaScript to create an appealing option, supporting cross-functionality between the front and back end. MEAN stack is used for building scalable apps that need high performance.

MERN tech stack

MERN is another variation of MEAN with a slight change in the combination of technologies for client-side framework;
Mostly used for building high-performing web apps that need advanced UI/UX features. Hence, React is used as a front-end framework.

MEVN tech stack

One more variation of MEAN is MEVN which applies Vue.js for the front-end framework;
Vue.js is popular for enhancing speed of the web apps and can be highly customized.

Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a full-stack language that is used as a front-end and back-end for building web apps. It uses a single language, heavily relying on its extensive libraries and software bundles that are known as “gems”. Ruby on Rails provides flexibility to create a suitable tech stack of your choice and that is why it is best suited for projects that need high speed.

Microsoft tech stack

For developing high-quality web apps, the Microsoft technology stack is the best option as it uses the .NET framework to support interactive content. Relying on all types of Microsoft technologies for web app development, Microsoft tech includes:

Python-Django

Python-Django are the two main pillars to create stunning web apps. Just like Ruby on Rails, Python-Django is best suited for building high-speed web apps such as MVPs. Its full stack has:

Choosing the Right Technology Stack for Mobile App

For Native App Development

Android

Android app development consists of very limited choices namely Java and Kotlin programming languages. Both have extensive libraries. Android Studio and SDK make the app reliable and make effective debugging. In addition, it assists in building strong network systems and data storage with high security. Kotlin is popular among developers as it provides a hassle-free development process, ensuring ease of use and proficient mobile apps.

iOS

For building native apps on the iOS platform, there are two options – Objective-C and Swift. For building iOS mobile apps, developers need XCode IDE in the macOS platform. Due to its extraordinary brand image, the iOS platform provides world-class databases like SQLite, Core Data, Realm, etc. It also provides exclusive libraries like Alamofire and AFNetworking to optimize time.

For Cross-Platform App development

Flutter

Flutter is a free cross-platform and open-source framework, known for offering quick solutions with its hot reload functionality. In addition, due to its single codebase feature, Flutter has been a true game-changer in the market. Created by Google, Flutter uses high-end Dart programming language, helping developers create apps for different platforms through a single codebase.

React Native

React Native is one more cross-platform app development framework. Created by Facebook, React Native has a brilliant tech stack that harnesses the React JavaScript framework with ‘Flux’ application architecture. The native platform elements can deliver stunning UI elements to give enhanced performance.
Hence, native app development concentrates more on designs and develops sustainable products. Cross-platform development applications create apps that need to reach out to multiple followers on various platforms.

Xamarin

Xamarin is another open-source framework created by Microsoft. It provides C# programming language and is suitable for all types of devices. Like Flutter, Xamarin has a hot reloading feature along with some of the top advanced features that reduce turnaround time for building robust cross-platform apps. In addition, it has modern language models, the latest library, and an integrated visual studio, making a seamless development ambiance.

Top Tech Stack Examples

Spotify Tech Stack

Netflix Tech Stack

Airbnb Tech Stack

Process of Choosing the Right Tech Stack for Your Business Product